Technology Law (1): Robots, Public Law and RegulationSpecial Zone in Fukuoka: It is known as the world’s first public roads testing for bipedal humanoid robots
Since 2004, the Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry has published a series of Robot Policy Guidelines which address business and safety issues for “Next Generation Robots”. They predicted a “Human-Robot Coexistence Society” that will emerge by 2030. However, it is a step-by-step gradual process for these robots entering into the everyday lives of people. We believe that intelligent robots will be the next revolutionary technology after PCs and the Internet. Therefore, we established ROBOLAW.ASIA Initiative to investigate the intersection between artificial intelligence & law. Our main objective is to minimize risks from robots into an acceptable range.
An emerging problem might be whether we should consider addressing new regulation impact on service robots. Under the current legal system, service robots are merely a property or “the second existence”; it is not enough to protect safety and moral risks in regards to human-robot co-existence. In other words, the new perspective of regulation shall be established under the premise of service robots as “the third existence” legal entity; robots are still the object of law, and they shall have a special legal status different from normal machines. However, the difficulty of implementing new regulations for service robots is something similar to the case of regulating steam powered cars in the 19th century. It’s a “Regulation of Unknown”. On one hand, such machines could cause deadly consequences to human beings without proper regulation. On the other hand, it is difficult for regulators to keep up with the progress of advanced technology. Therefore, thereis a tendency for over-regulation, similar to the case of the steam powered cars in the past.
To avoid repeating the Red Flag Laws in the era of intelligent robots, we can first consider “Deregulation” while referring the “Tokku” RT special zone. A special area such as this one can help regulators and manufacturers identify many unexpected risks during the final stage prior to the robots' practical application. Originated from Japan, the history of RT special zone is merely 10 years long, but there are already many special zones established in Fukuoka, Osaka, Gifu, Kanagawa and Tsukuba. As the development of robotics and its acceptance to society expand, the importance of special zones as an interface for robots and society will be more apparent.
Furthermore, we need to be aware of the importance of public law and regulation. While it does not refer to the debate on issues of robot rights or robots to be recognized as the subject of law from the Constitution, it does mention making public regulation for the design, manufacture, selling, and usage of advanced robotics. A possibility could be developing the “Robot Safety Governance Act”, which is the extension of current machine safety regulations. These technical norms located at the bottom of “Robot Law” will ensure the safety of new human-robot co-existence.
Finally, robot ethics and legal regulation should not always be in parallel, because from the regulation perspective, robot law is an intersection of robot ethics and robotics. We might don’t need Red Flag Laws for Pepper robots, but it depends on what moral stands and actions we take toward the regulation of unknown.
01.Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2016) Regulation of Unknown: A Lesson from Japan’s Public Law and Policy for Next-Generation Robots, 12:30-13:30, Room 623, 6/F, Cheng Yu Tung Tower, Faculty of Law, The University of Hong Kong, January 28th 2016 [LINK]
02. Christof Heyns, Gurvinder S. Virk, Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2015) An Exclusive Interview with UN and ISO experts in Robots and Regulation, TECH and LAW Center [LINK]
03. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2015) O Direito para Robôs: A Regulação do Direito Robótico no Direito Público do Japão, 10:30-12:30, Sala de Vídeoconferência - 3° andar, UFPR - Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, November 20th 2015 [LINK]
04. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2015) Regulation of Unknown: Does the Humanoid Robot “PEPPER” need Red Flag Laws?, TECH and LAW Center [LINK]
05. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2015) Japan’s Robot Policy and the Special Zone for Regulating Next Generation Robots, TECH and LAW Center [LINK]
06. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2015) Japanese Public Policy for Robots and Regulation: An Example of "Tokku" Special Zone, 11:00-13:00, Sala Mansarda, Villa Schifanoia, European University Institute, Florence, April 28th 2015 [LINK]
07. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2015) Robots and Society: On the Intersection of Special Zone, Robots, and the Law, 10:30-11:30, Via dei Barucci n° 20, ITTIG-CNR, Florence, March 26th 2015 [LINK]
08. Yueh-Hsuan Weng, Yusuke Sugahara, Kenji Hashimoto, Atsuo Takanishi (2015) Intersection of “Tokku” Special Zone, Robots, and the Law: A Case Study on Legal Impacts to Humanoid Robots, International Journal of Social Robotics, Vol. 7, No. 5, Page 841-857, Springer Netherlandsa [LINK]
Figure 1. Risk Monitoring Mechanism: For short term consideration, a passive measurement to monitor the Open-Texture Risk. Figure 2. Risk Control Mechanism: For Long term consideration, using active measurement to absorb the Open-Texture Risk. 09. Yueh-Hsuan Weng, Gurvinder S. Virk, Shuping Yang (2015) The Safety for Human-Robot Co-Existing: On New ISO 13482 Safety Standard for Service Robots, Internet Law Review, Vol. 17, Page 229-244, Peking University Press [LINK]
10. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2014) Introduction to Applications and Challenges of Emerging Technologies, Master Course: The Laws of Cyberspace, 10:00-12:00, Room 121, TSMC Building, National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu, December 11th 2014
11. Erica Palmerini, Pericle Salvini, Andrea Bertolini, et al (2014) Guidelines on Regulating Robotics, EU FP7 Project: ROBOLAW [LINK]
12. Yueh-Hsuan Weng, Dominic Hillenbrand (2014) The Intelligentization of Automobiles: Smart-Cars, Robo-Cars and their Safety Governance, Journal of Science, Technology and Law (STL), No.4, General Issue 110, Page 632-646, 2014 [LINK]
13. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2014) The Study of Safety Governance for Service Robots: On Open-Texture Risk, Ph.D. Dissertation, Peking University Law School, Beijing, May, 2014 [LINK]
14. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2014) A Review on Military Robots and Warfare, PKU Internet Law Watch, Vol. 10, No. 4
15. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2014) The Robot - Technology, Ethics and Law, PKU Internet Law Watch, Vol. 10, No. 3
16. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2014) Robots - A Historical Review, PKU Internet Law Watch, Vol. 10, No. 2
17. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2013) Special Interview on “Robot Law in Europe” - with Prof. Dr. Eric Hilgendorf, ROBOLAW.ASIA Initiative [LINK]
18. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2013) Special Interview on “Law and Drone Warfare” - with Prof. Dr. Christof Heyns , ROBOLAW.ASIA Initiative [LINK]
19. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2012-2014) Supporting External Network, EU FP7 Project: ROBOLAW, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Pisa, Italy, June 2012 - September 2014 [LINK]
20. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2012) (4) Social Robots: Robot Companions for Citizens: with Prof. Dr. Paolo Dario, PKU Internet Law Watch, Vol. 8, No. 5
21. Yueh-Hsuan Weng, Sophie T.H. Zhao (2012) The Legal Challenges of Networked Robotics: From the Safety Intelligence Perspective, M. Palmirani et al. (Eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science(LNCS): AI Approaches to the Complexity of Legal Systems, Vol. 7639, Page 61-72, Springer Berlin Heidelberg [LINK]
22. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2011) The Open-Texture Risk in the Human-Robot Co-Existence Society: A Review on “Open Robotics”, Internet Law Review, Vol. 13, Peking University Press [LINK]
23. Pericle Salvini, Giancarlo Teti, Enza Spadoni, Emiliano Frediani, Silvio Boccalatte, Luca Nocco, Barbara Mazzolai, Cecilia Laschih, Giovanni Comandé, Emanuele Rossi, Paolo Carrozza & Paolo Dario (2010) An Investigation on Legal Regulations for Robot Deployment in Urban Areas: A Focus on Italian Law, Advanced Robotics, Vol. 24, No. 13, Page 1901-1917, Leiden: VSP-BRILL [LINK]
24. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2009) Toward The Human-Robot Co-Existence Society: On Legislative Consortium for Social Robotics, IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (IEEE ICRA’09) Workshop on Legal and Safety Issues Related to Autonomous Networked Robots Operating in Urban Environments, (10:40~11:05) Room 404, Kobe International Convention Center, Kobe, 13th May 2009 [LINK]
25. Yueh-Hsuan Weng, Chien-Hsun Chen and Cheun-Tsai Sun (2007) The Legal Crisis of Next Generation Robots: On Safety Intelligence, Paper presented on The Eleventh International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Law (ICAIL'07). Stanford Law School, Palo Alto, California, USA [ Acceptance Rate: 26% ] [PDF]
Social RoboticsFigure 1. Social Robotics VS. Classical Robotics.
As technology evolves and the demand for adopting robots to serve people increases, Social Robotics is becoming a promising field in the study of “Human-Robot Coexistence”. We can refer this problem area as “Robot Sociability Problems”, which covers many issues including artificial intelligence, computer science, mechanical engineering, cognitive science, philosophy, and law, etc… Based on Figure1, our special interest in Social Robotics is to investigate the intersection between human-robot interaction and social system design. For example, explorations may be: how we can make robots more socially compatible? ; how service robots are received by public’s “social acceptance” in different societies? ; Asimov’s Three Laws of Robotics as a feasible solution for implementing the “Safety Intelligence” to ensure human-robot safely interaction? ; and how to consider cultural background to discuss the rules or norms of human-robot interaction?Peccioli RoboTown: An open framework for experimenting advanced robotic systems and services in a real small town
01. Pericle Salvini (2015) On Ethical, Legal and Social Issues of Care Robots, Samer Mohammed, Juan C. Moreno, Kyoungchul Kong, Yacine Amirat (Eds.) in Intelligent Assistive Robots, Springer International Publishing [LINK]
02. Pericle Salvini (2012) Presence, Reciprocity and Robotic Mediations: The Case of Autonomous Social Robots, International Journal of Technoethics, Volume 3, Issue 2 [LINK]
03. Gabriele Ferri, Alessandro Manzi, Pericle Salvini, Barbara Mazzolai, Cecilia Laschi, Paolo Dario (2011) DustCart, an autonomous robot for door-to-door garbage collection: From DustBot project to the experimentation in the small town of Peccioli, Paper presented on the 2011 IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (IEEE ICRA'11). SHICC, Shanghai, China [LINK]
04. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2010) Beyond Robot Ethics: On a Legislative Consortium for Social Robotics, Advanced Robotics, Vol. 24, No. 13, Page 1919-1926, Leiden: VSP-BRILL [PDF]
05. Pericle Salvini, Gaetano Ciaravella, Wonpil Yu, Gabriele Ferri, Alessandro Manzi, Barbara Mazzolai, Cecilia Laschi, Sang-Rok Oh, Paolo Dario (2010) How safe are service robots in urban environments? Bullying a robot, Paper presented on the 2010 IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication (RO-MAN'10). Viareggio, Italy [LINK]
06. Pericle Salvini, Cecilia Laschi, Paolo Dario (2010) Design for Acceptability: Improving Robots’ Coexistence in Human Society, International Journal of Social Robotics, Vol.2, No.4, Page 451-460, Springer Netherlands [LINK]
07. Yueh-Hsuan Weng, Chien-Hsun Chen and Cheun-Tsai Sun (2009) Toward The Human-Robot Co-Existence Society: On Safety Intelligence for Next Generation Robots, International Journal of Social Robotics, Vol.1, No.4, Page 267-282, Springer Netherlands [PDF]
08. Pericle Salvini, Edoardo Datteri, Cecilia Laschi, Paolo Dario (2008) Scientific models and ethical issues in hybrid bionic systems research, AI & SOCIETY, Vol.22, Issue.3, Page 431-448, Springer-Verlag [LINK]
09. Yueh-Hsuan Weng, Chien-Hsun Chen and Cheun-Tsai Sun (2008) Safety Intelligence and Legal Machine Language-Do we need the Three Laws of Robotics?, Y. Takahashi (Ed.) in Service Robot Applications, Vienna: I -Tech Education & Publishing KG [PDF]
10. Pericle Salvini, Cecilia Laschi, Paolo Dario (2007) Roboethics in Biorobotics: Discussion of Case Studies, IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (IEEE ICRA’07) Workshop on Roboethics, Rome, Italy, 14th April 2007 [PDF]
Technology Law (2): Internet Law and Public PolicyWe are facing legal challenges from a new era of the Internet of Things
After observing the internet, one of the fathers of the internet Dr. Vinton G. Cerf said, “Virtual and real worlds will merge. Virtual interactions will have real world consequences. Control of the electrical grid and power generation systems could be made to appear to be part of a virtual environment in which actions in the virtual space affect actions in the real space.”
Current robots have difficulty understanding unstructured environments due to the inherent diversity and unpredictability of phenomena in the real world. However, new developments like ubiquitous computing, cloud computing, the Internet of Things and next-generation internet technologies will make it easier for networked robots to get structured information about their physical environment. For China’s 12th Five- Year Plan (2011-2015), establishing domestic cloud computing and the “Internet of Things Industry” is part of the objectives of its Seven Strategic Emerging Industries Plan. It will bring strong impact for the development of Networked Robotics in China, for example smart houses, intelligent transportation, automated logistic, etc. Therefore, it is necessary to observe and analyze the technical and legal risks for Networked Robotics technology.
01. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2013) Contractual Issues and Service Level Agreements for Cloud Computing, Internet Law Review, Vol. 15, Peking University Press [LINK]
02. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2012) (1) The Internet of Things and Automation: Overlapping the Real and Virtual Worlds, PKU Internet Law Watch, Vol. 8, No. 5
03. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2012) (2) Intelligent Transportation: Addressing the Liability Impact of Automated Systems: with Prof. Dr. Giovanni Sartor and Dr. Giuseppe Contissa, PKU Internet Law Watch, Vol. 8, No. 5
04. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2012) (3) Smart Grid: A Balance between Network Economy and Information Security: with Dr. Xian He, Vol. 8, No. 5, PKU Internet Law Watch, 2012
05. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2012) Law & Networked Robotics: Some legal Issues on the Internet of Things, Aula 6, 12:00-15:00, SSSA Seminar, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Pisa, June 6th 2012
06. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2012) Yahoo! Research Grant, “The Internet of Things and Automation: Legislation and Policy Research”, PKU-Yahoo! Internet Law Center
07. Yueh-Hsuan Weng, Sophie T.H. Zhao (2011) The Legal Challenges of Networked Robotics: From the Safety Intelligence Perspective, XXV. IVR World Congress on Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy Special Workshop on AICOL, (16:00~16:20) Room HZ 8, Building N.4, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, 15th August 2011 [LINK]
08. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2011) Networked Robots: A Brief Look at Its Possible Legal Implications, IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation (IEEE ICRA’11) Workshop on Roboethics, (16:30~17:00) Room 5B, SHICC, Shanghai, 13th May 2011 [PDF]
09. Chien-Hsun Chen (2010) Cloud Technology: Introduction to International Trend of Cloud Computing, PKU Internet Law Watch, Vol. 6, No. 5
10. Yuan Mu (2010) Cloud Structure: Normative Analysis of the Definition and Structure of Cloud Computing, PKU Internet Law Watch, Vol. 6, No. 5
11. Seth Wang (2010) Cloud Risks: The Analysis on the Technological Risks of Cloud Computing, PKU Internet Law Watch, Vol. 6, No. 5
12. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2010) Cloud Regulation: Toward a Legal Framework from Social System Design Perspective, PKU Internet Law Watch, Vol. 6, No. 5
13. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2010) Technology Review: On Cloud Computing and Virtualization, PKU Cyberlaw Workshop, 17:00-19:00, China Technology Exchange Center, Zhongguancun, Beijing, October 16th 2010 [LINK]
14. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2010) Yahoo! Research Grant, “Cloud Computing and the Network Social System Design Perspective”, PKU-Yahoo! Internet Law Center
Legal Informatics (1): AI and Social Network AnalysisThe Dynamic Analysis of Patent Tagging Networks
Complexity Science attempts to explain structures and rules governing systems which take organized but unpredictable form. Two important areas of research include network structure and dynamics. Regardless of whether the fundamental elements under examination are biological, social or physical in manner, they can often be understood in network form. Common examples include disease epidemics, electric power transmission, ecological food chains, academic citation networks, and of course the internet, all of which are complex networks somewhere between random and ordered on the complexity scale.
Following up on recent network theory research, the author will systematically analyze the dynamics of complex legal networks using social network analysis with a special focus on patent documents. Patent citation networks are generated by unidirectional citations among patents. Analyzing these links typically requires computerized natural language processing (NLP). However, the use of NLP in analyzing patent networks has several limitations. The author has therefore adopted a new approach using the connecting relationships between technical codes and patents under the Multi-Dimensional Patent Classification System used by the Japan Patent Office (JPO). This system is used to construct patent tagging networks, which can then be subjected to three further analyses examining the fundamental characters of the tagging networks, the dynamics of patent unit networks and the dynamics of technical code unit networks.The author will first explain the construction of a patent tagging network before moving on to discuss applications, including dynamic network analysis.
01. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2012) Introduction to Copyright Law in the Digital Environment, NTNU Undergraduate Course: Digital Publishing Research, 13:10-16:00, General Bldg 10F, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, September 28th 2012
02. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2007) The Dynamic Analysis of Patent Tagging Networks, Master Thesis, Department of Computer Science, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu, July 2007 [PDF]
03. Shan-Jun Pan, Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2005) FSES - Feng-Shui Expert System, NCTU Graduate Course: Expert System, Department of Computer Science, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu
04. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2004) Fuzzy Logic and Neural Networks' Application in Legal Domain, Independent Research, ELP - English Language Program, UC Berkeley Extension, Berkeley, CA
Legal Informatics (2): Legal Visualization"Outlines of Legal Structures" http://jusletter-it.weblaw.ch/visualisierung
The trends of legal informatics arise in international conferences, such as ICAIL in JURIX and IRIS. The transition from the natural language of people into everyday life jargon of professional people is an important issue, which can be seen in the conference proceedings of JURIX.
The kid's book “Do you know about Law?” by Caroline Walser Kessel offers the opposite way. She imparts her intensive and reflected law knowledge to children and young people and tries to arose the curiosity for the logic and concepts of law. The book was published by Weblaw.
This new methodological approach is the basis for a series of legal visualizations that deal in a whole new way with the structures of law: http://jusletter-it.weblaw.ch/visualisierung.html
As a team we are trying to create new representations and visualisations of the law in Chinese and English version for a broader audience. The colour reduction should highlight that coloured visualizations are part of the long tradition of developing pictographic script, which is far from finalized.
01. Caroline Walser Kessel, Friedrich Lachmayer, Vytautas Cyras, Peter Parycek, Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2016)
Rechtsvisualisierung als Vernetzung von Sprache und Bild – Anmerkungen zum Buch «Kennst du das Recht?» Paper presented on the International Legal Informatics Symposium (IRIS), Internationales Rechtsinformatik Symposion, 25. bis 27. Februar, Universität Salzburg [LINK]
02. Friedrich Lachmayer, Vytautas Cyras, Peter Parycek, Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2015) Outlines of Legal Structures (English-Chinese version), Weblaw AG, Bern, Switzerland, 2015 [LINK]
Legal Informatics (3): Free Access to Law and CHINA-LIIThe 3rd Peking-Stanford-Oxford Joint Conference on Internet Law and Public Policy
Since 1949, there are about 500,000 Chinese laws and regulations in total, and a sustainable growth is expected in the next decade. However, these abundant Primary Legal Sources lack an easy accessible platform to enable Law via the Internet. In China, legal information service is dominated by Pay-As-You-Go principle, these legal database are designed for high-end customers such as law firms. We can see that this Pay-As-You-Go situation is not favorable for Chinese and foreign layman to access e-legal archives. This may prevent China from implementing necessary laws. Therefore, we will need a platform to ensure that Primary Legal Sources can be freely accessed.
The origin of CHINA-LII was from a panel discussion at Villa Schifanoia of European University Institute (EUI), Florence, and later the co-founders Dr. Yueh-Hsuan Weng and Mr. Seth Wang established its prototype at Changchunyuan of Peking University, Beijing in 2012. A summary of the panel discussion was also published in the “Internet Law Review” (2013). In 2014, the Executive Secretary Prof. Dr. Ginevra Peruginelli on behalf of CHINA-LII presented the concept platform at the 3rd Peking-Stanford-Oxford Joint Conference on Internet Law and Public Policy in Beijing, and they obtained considerable success also from Oxford and Stanford professors with whom we are still in contact. Since Fall of 2015, CHINA-LII has moved from Beijing to Shanghai, and currently it is affiliated with the KoGuan Law School, Shanghai Jiao Tong University. We aims for free access to law, as well as enhancing rule of law in China!!
01. Shanghai Jiao Tong University's CHINA-LII | China Legal Information Institute [LINK].
02. Ginevra Peruginelli (2014) Internet Governance and Free Access to Law: A Glance, The Third Peking-Stanford-Oxford Joint Conference on Internet Law and Public Policy, 14:50-16:15, Academic Hall, KoGuan Building, Peking University Law School, Beijing, November 22nd 2014 [LINK]
03. Yueh-Hsuan Weng, Giovanni Sartor, Giuseppe Contissa, Enrico Francesconi, Ginevra Peruginelli (2013) Law via the Internet: Why there is no LII for China?, Internet Law Review, Vol. 15, Peking University Press [LINK]
Chinese Language and CultureZHÌ [ 至 ], AN ARROW REACHED THE GROUND
The syntactical structure of Chinese characters is very complex and one of the greatest challenges of our time. The problem results from the system of uniform black strokes, which can be explained from the writing techniques used to date.
In today’s computer era, however, the medium of expression has changed and it is easily possible to colour the single strokes of Chinese characters. The aim of this is to dismantle the complex overall structure into substructures and thus to make the individual characters more easily memorable.
There are different methodological approaches, e.g. historical or linguistic perspectives or that of visual design. It remains uncertain which path will lead to a relevant result.
The visualisation proposed here, www.weblaw.ch/ColChinC, has been developed from the concept of legal visualisation:www.legalvisualization.com,
01. Friedrich Lachmayer (2016) Resemantisierung der Syntax
Kolorisierung chinesischer Schriftzeichen, im Rahmen einer Veranstaltung von Weblaw am 16. März 2016, 17.00 Uhr im Museum Rietberg, Zürich
02. Friedrich Lachmayer, Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2015) ColChinC - Colorize Chinese Characters (七彩漢字), Weblaw AG, Bern, Switzerland, 2015 [LINK]
03. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2012) Non-certificate Programme in Chinese Cultural Heritage, National Palace Museum, Taipei
04. Li-Lan Liu, Andrew R.Y. Liu, Shou-Wen Wang, Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2007) An Error Analysis of Cantonese Native Speakers’ Spoken Mandarin (以廣東話為母語者之中文表現偏誤分析), Group Presentation, Bai-Nian Building, National Chengchi University, Taipei
Japanese Language and CultureKCJS 京都アメリカ大学コンソーシアム 古文コース 修了（吉田·京大会館）
The Kyoto Consortium for Japanese Studies, or KCJS, is a study abroad program founded in 1989 and currently housed at Doshisha University in Kyoto, Japan. Operated by a consortium of universities, the program is centered on advanced Japanese language training combined with Japanese or English-language coursework for college credit. Students are also encouraged to participate in homestay programs during their time at the program. Faculty also requires students to take part in a Community Involvement Project which gets students involved in local teams, clubs, groups or organizations at Doshisha University, Kyoto University, or other nearby and unaffiliated places.The consortium has been managed by Columbia University since 2006, and was previously managed by Stanford University.
Boston University, Brown University, University of Chicago
Columbia University/Barnard College (current administrating university)
Cornell University, Emory University, Harvard University
University of Pennsylvania, Princeton University
Stanford University, Washington University in St. Louis, Yale University
In association with University of Michigan, University of Virginia
01. Jamie Newhard and 古文の七人 (2009) Expedition to Ishiyama-dera (石山寺の考察), Classical Japanese Group, Kyoto Consortium for Japanese Studies (KCJS)
02. Jamie Newhard and 古文の七人 (2009) Expedition to Hino-san (日野山の方丈庵跡の考察), Classical Japanese Group, Kyoto Consortium for Japanese Studies (KCJS)
03. Yueh-Hsuan Weng (2004) Waseda Robot Monogatari (早稲田のロボっトの物語), Waseda-Oregon Final Presentation, Building No.18, Waseda University, Tokyo [LINK]